当前位置:澳门百家乐官网 -> 10级英语阅读 - > 一群人在一起能
添加时间:2019-09-20 09:04:27 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • Can groups of people "remember" something that didn't happen?


    WE KNOW THAT IT'S RELATIVELY1 EASY to implant2 memories. We also know that once a memory has been implanted the process continues and there are studies on what's called updating. Take the case of false news about the Iraq War early on which was discovered to be false; in one study if you were in Germany or Australia you were likely to update the information, but if you were American you weren't as likely to update the information. So for some people, even if you were told a fact was wrong, you would still remember the previous incorrect fact. This suggests that memory is schema consistent, so if something fits into the way you think things should be it, you don't easily revise the memory once it's been formed.


    A schema is sort your organized representation of the world. When something fits into your view of the world, you're primed to absorb that information. If it's mildly inconsistent, it sort of stands and becomes memorable3. But if it's too inconsistent then it slips away. In terms of groups talking together, studies suggest that false memories are more likely to arise in a group discussion than individually because there is more chance of somebody offering a false memory which can then be implanted. However, if somebody in the group says "no that's not true", that will mitigate4 the influence. But for groups with a strong shared interest, like Trump5澳门百家乐官网 supporters, they're less likely to dispute one another and therefore it's less likely for their memories to be updated.


    From all the evidence, memory is not like a tape recorder. There's not really a "truth" to memory. What Frederic Bartlett said is that memory is a continuous reconstruction6. And what guides your reconstruction? Your view of the world. Your current view of the world, your current attitudes, allow you to reconstruct your own past to be consistent with your present self. We're constantly reshaping our memory to essentially7 reinforce our present attitudes.

    所有证据表明记忆并非录音机,记忆中没有真正的“事实”,Frederic Bartlett(英国心理学家)说过记忆是反复重建的过程,那是什么在引导这一过程呢?是你的世界观。你现在的世界观和现在的态度使你重建以往的记忆以适应现在的自己。我们不断重塑记忆从本质上来坚定自己目前的态度。

    Also, every time we remember things, we're selective. Our memories are to a large extent determined8 by our interactions with others, and by others I mean other people, media, and other external factors. Our memory is not only our own, but also that of all we interact with.


     10级    双语 


    1 relatively [ˈrelətɪvli] bkqzS3   第8级
    • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia. 兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
    • The operation was relatively painless. 手术相对来说不痛。
    2 implant [ɪmˈplɑ:nt] YaBxT   第9级
    • A good teacher should implant high ideals in children. 好教师应该把高尚理想灌输给孩子们。
    • The operation to implant the artificial heart took two hours. 人工心脏植入手术花费了两小时。
    3 memorable [ˈmemərəbl] K2XyQ   第8级
    • This was indeed the most memorable day of my life. 这的确是我一生中最值得怀念的日子。
    • The veteran soldier has fought many memorable battles. 这个老兵参加过许多难忘的战斗。
    4 mitigate [ˈmɪtɪgeɪt] EjRyf   第9级
    • The government is trying to mitigate the effects of inflation. 政府正试图缓和通货膨胀的影响。
    • Governments should endeavour to mitigate distress. 政府应努力缓解贫困问题。
    5 trump [trʌmp] LU1zK   第10级
    • He was never able to trump up the courage to have a showdown. 他始终鼓不起勇气摊牌。
    • The coach saved his star player for a trump card. 教练保留他的明星选手,作为他的王牌。
    6 reconstruction [ˌri:kənˈstrʌkʃn] 3U6xb   第9级
    • The country faces a huge task of national reconstruction following the war. 战后,该国面临着重建家园的艰巨任务。
    • In the period of reconstruction, technique decides everything. 在重建时期,技术决定一切。
    7 澳门百家乐官网essentially [ɪˈsenʃəli] nntxw   第8级
    • Really great men are essentially modest. 真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
    • She is an essentially selfish person. 她本质上是个自私自利的人。
    8 determined [dɪˈtɜ:mɪnd] duszmP   第7级
    • I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation. 我已决定毕业后去西藏。
    • He determined to view the rooms behind the office. 他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。

    文章评论 共有评论 0查看全部

    江苏快3 安徽快三 江苏快3 澳门葡京百家乐 百家乐官方网站 澳门葡京百家乐 澳门百家乐玩法 澳门网上百家乐 澳门在线百家乐 pk10官网