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福克纳诺贝尔奖致辞
添加时间:2015-01-29 19:31:20 浏览次数: 作者:福克纳
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  • I feel that this award was not made to me as a man, but to my work -- a life's work in the agony and sweat of the human spirit, not for glory and least of all for profit, but to create out of the materials of the human spirit something which did not exist before. So this award is only mine in trust. It will not be difficult to find a dedication1 for the money part of it commensurate with the purpose and significance of its origin. But I would like to do the same with the acclaim2 too, by using this moment as a pinnacle3 from which I might be listened to by the young men and women already dedicated4 to the same anguish5 and travail6, among whom is already that one who will some day stand here where I am standing7.

    Our tragedy today is a general and universal physical fear so long sustained by now that we can even bear it. There are no longer problems of the spirit. There is only the question: When will I be blown up? Because of this, the young man or woman writing today has forgotten the problems of the human heart in conflict with itself which alone can make good writing because only that is worth writing about, worth the agony and the sweat.

    He must learn them again. He must teach himself that the basest of all things is to be afraid; and, teaching himself that, forget it forever, leaving no room in his workshop for anything but the old verities8 and truths of the heart, the old universal truths lacking which any story is ephemeral and doomed10 -- love and honor and pity and pride and compassion11 and sacrifice. Until he does so, he labors12 under a curse. He writes not of love but of lust13, of defeats in which nobody loses anything of value, of victories without hope and, worst of all, without pity or compassion. His griefs grieve on no universal bones, leaving no scars. He writes not of the heart but of the glands14.

    Until he relearns these things, he will write as though he stood among and watched the end of man. I decline to accept the end of man. It is easy enough to say that man is immortal15 simply because he will endure: that when the last ding-dong of doom9 has clanged and faded from the last worthless rock hanging tideless in the last red and dying evening, that even then there will still be one more sound: that of his puny16 inexhaustible voice, still talking. I refuse to accept this. I believe that man will not merely endure: he will prevail. He is immortal, not because he alone among creatures has an inexhaustible voice, but because he has a soul, a spirit capable of compassion and sacrifice and endurance.

    The poet's, the writer's, duty is to write about these things. It is his privilege to help man endure by lifting his heart, by reminding him of the courage and honor and hope and pride and compassion and pity and sacrifice which have been the glory of his past. The poet's voice need not merely be the record of man, it can be one of the props17, the pillars to help him endure and prevail.

     12级    英语演讲 


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    1 dedication [ˌdedɪˈkeɪʃn] pxMx9   第9级
    n.奉献,献身,致力,题献,献辞
    参考例句:
    • We admire her courage, compassion and dedication. 我们钦佩她的勇气、爱心和奉献精神。
    • Her dedication to her work was admirable. 她对工作的奉献精神可钦可佩。
    2 acclaim [əˈkleɪm] NJgyv   第7级
    vt.向…欢呼,公认;vi.欢呼,喝彩;n.欢呼,喝彩,称赞
    参考例句:
    • He was welcomed with great acclaim. 他受到十分热烈的欢迎。
    • His achievements earned him the acclaim of the scientific community. 他的成就赢得了科学界的赞誉。
    3 pinnacle [ˈpɪnəkl] A2Mzb   第9级
    n.尖塔,尖顶,山峰;(喻)顶峰
    参考例句:
    • Now he is at the very pinnacle of his career. 现在他正值事业中的顶峰时期。
    • It represents the pinnacle of intellectual capability. 它代表了智能的顶峰。
    4 dedicated [ˈdedɪkeɪtɪd] duHzy2   第9级
    adj.一心一意的;献身的;热诚的
    参考例句:
    • He dedicated his life to the cause of education. 他献身于教育事业。
    • His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design. 他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
    5 anguish [ˈæŋgwɪʃ] awZz0   第7级
    n.(尤指心灵上的)极度痛苦,烦恼
    参考例句:
    • She cried out for anguish at parting. 分手时,她由于痛苦而失声大哭。
    • The unspeakable anguish wrung his heart. 难言的痛苦折磨着他的心。
    6 travail [ˈtræveɪl] ZqhyZ   第11级
    n.阵痛;努力
    参考例句:
    • Mothers know the travail of giving birth to a child. 母亲们了解分娩时的痛苦。
    • He gained the medal through his painful travail. 他通过艰辛的努力获得了奖牌。
    7 standing [ˈstændɪŋ] 2hCzgo   第8级
    n.持续,地位;adj.永久的,不动的,直立的,不流动的
    参考例句:
    • After the earthquake only a few houses were left standing. 地震过后只有几幢房屋还立着。
    • They're standing out against any change in the law. 他们坚决反对对法律做任何修改。
    8 verities [ˈveritiz] e8cae4271fa3f5fdf51cd6c5be5c935f   第12级
    n.真实( verity的名词复数 );事实;真理;真实的陈述
    参考例句:
    • the eternal verities of life 生命永恒的真理
    9 doom [du:m] gsexJ   第7级
    n.厄运,劫数;vt.注定,命定
    参考例句:
    • The report on our economic situation is full of doom and gloom. 这份关于我们经济状况的报告充满了令人绝望和沮丧的调子。
    • The dictator met his doom after ten years of rule. 独裁者统治了十年终于完蛋了。
    10 doomed [dumd] EuuzC1   第7级
    命定的
    参考例句:
    • The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment. 法庭判处被告长期监禁。
    • A country ruled by an iron hand is doomed to suffer. 被铁腕人物统治的国家定会遭受不幸的。
    11 compassion [kəmˈpæʃn] 3q2zZ   第8级
    n.同情,怜悯
    参考例句:
    • He could not help having compassion for the poor creature. 他情不自禁地怜悯起那个可怜的人来。
    • Her heart was filled with compassion for the motherless children. 她对于没有母亲的孩子们充满了怜悯心。
    12 labors [ˈleibəz] 8e0b4ddc7de5679605be19f4398395e1   第7级
    v.努力争取(for)( labor的第三人称单数 );苦干;详细分析;(指引擎)缓慢而困难地运转
    参考例句:
    • He was tiresome in contending for the value of his own labors. 他老为他自己劳动的价值而争强斗胜,令人生厌。 来自辞典例句
    • Farm labors used to hire themselves out for the summer. 农业劳动者夏季常去当雇工。 来自辞典例句
    13 lust [lʌst] N8rz1   第10级
    n.性(淫)欲;渴(欲)望;vi.对…有强烈的欲望
    参考例句:
    • He was filled with lust for power. 他内心充满了对权力的渴望。
    • Sensing the explorer's lust for gold, the chief wisely presented gold ornaments as gifts. 酋长觉察出探险者们垂涎黄金的欲念, 就聪明地把金饰品作为礼物赠送给他们。
    14 glands [glændz] 82573e247a54d4ca7619fbc1a5141d80   第8级
    n.腺( gland的名词复数 )
    参考例句:
    • a snake's poison glands 蛇的毒腺
    • the sebaceous glands in the skin 皮脂腺
    15 immortal [ɪˈmɔ:tl] 7kOyr   第7级
    adj.不朽的;永生的,不死的;神的
    参考例句:
    • The wild cocoa tree is effectively immortal. 野生可可树实际上是不会死的。
    • The heroes of the people are immortal! 人民英雄永垂不朽!
    16 puny [ˈpju:ni] Bt5y6   第11级
    adj.微不足道的,弱小的
    参考例句:
    • The resources at the central banks' disposal are simply too puny. 中央银行掌握的资金实在太少了。
    • Antonio was a puny lad, and not strong enough to work. 安东尼奥是个瘦小的小家伙,身体还不壮,还不能干活。
    17 props [prɒps] 50fe03ab7bf37089a7e88da9b31ffb3b   第7级
    小道具; 支柱( prop的名词复数 ); 支持者; 道具; (橄榄球中的)支柱前锋
    参考例句:
    • Rescuers used props to stop the roof of the tunnel collapsing. 救援人员用支柱防止隧道顶塌陷。
    • The government props up the prices of farm products to support farmers' incomes. 政府保持农产品价格不变以保障农民们的收入。

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